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Knowing yourself is the beginning of wisdom

Noös (UK: /naʊs/, [1] US: /nuːs/), sometimes equated with intellect or intelligence, is a term in classical Greek philosophy for the faculty of the human mind necessary to understand what which is true or real. In philosophy, common English translations include "understanding" and "mind"; or sometimes "thought" or "reason" (in the sense of what reasons, not reasoning activity). It is also often described as something equivalent to perception, except that it works in the mind ("the mind's eye"). It has been suggested that the basic meaning of noös is something like "consciousness". Our founder Antoine discovered noetics by reading "Discovering a meaning in your life" by Viktor Frankl. Frankl refers to noös meaning spirit.

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Platon & Aristotle

In the Aristotelian scheme, noös is the basic understanding or consciousness that enables human beings to think rationally. In early Greek usage, Homer used noös to mean the mental activities of mortals and immortals, such as what they really have in mind as opposed to what they say aloud. For Aristotle, this was distinct from processing sensory perception, including the use of imagination and memory, which other animals can do. This therefore links the discussion of noos to the discussion of how the human mind defines definitions in a coherent and communicable way, and whether people should be born with an innate potential to understand the same universal categories of the same logical way. Deriving from this, it has also sometimes been held, particularly in classical and medieval philosophy, that individual noös must need help of a spiritual and divine type. Plato used the word noös in many ways that were not unusual in contemporary Greek, and often simply meant "common sense" or "conscience". It was one of many words related to thought, thought and perception with the mind. Regarding the Noös which are the source of understanding for individuals, Plato is widely known to have used ideas from Parmenides in addition to Anaxagoras.

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Influence on religions

Greek philosophy had an influence on the major religions that defined the Middle Ages, and one aspect of this was the concept of noös. The Christian New Testament makes mention of noös, usually translated into modern English as "spirit", but also showing a connection to the will or law of God. Noös (Arabic ʿaql) also plays an important role in the influential philosophical scheme of Islamic Al Farabi. He integrated an explanation of prophecy into this scheme, at two levels. According to Davidson (p. 59): The lower of the two levels, labeled specifically as "prophecy" (nubuwwa), is enjoyed by men who have not yet perfected their intellect, while the higher, which Alfarabi sometimes calls specifically "revelation" (w-ḥ-y), comes exclusively to those at the stage of acquired intellect.

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Modern times : Viktor Frankl

Logotherapy is a decades-old psychotherapeutic approach developed by Viktor Frankl. Driving logotherapy is the idea that human beings are most driven by the search for meaning, indicating that meaning in life is the biggest question on our minds and the biggest stressor on our minds. psyche. “Our current philosophy of mental hygiene emphasizes the idea that people should be happy, that unhappiness is a symptom of maladjustment. Such a value system could be responsible for the fact that the burden of inevitable unhappiness is increased by the unhappiness of being unhappy. Edith Weisskopf-Joelson, professor of psychology at the University of Georgia. The main idea of ​​logotherapy is “that lack of meaning is the main source of stress and anxiety, and that logotherapy helps patients achieve meaning in life” (Faramarzi & Bavali, 2017). In other words, logotherapy is a type of psychotherapy that believes that lack of meaning causes mental health issues, so it attempts to help people find meaning in order to help solve their problems. Logotherapy is also closely related to existential analysis (Frankl, 1958). In fact, existential analysis “can be understood as the philosophical and scientific basis of logotherapy as well as an essential part of a theory proper” (Batthyany). For these purposes, existential analysis refers to the analysis of one's own existence, which naturally leads to the question of meaning.

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The Institute of Noetic Sciences

Modern philosophy has been the increasing creation of specialized fields of science, in areas that were once considered part of philosophy, and the cognitive development and perception of infants now tends to be discussed more in the sciences of psychology and neuroscience than in philosophy. The classical conceptions of noös are still seriously debated in theology. The Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) was founded in 1973 by former astronaut Edgar Mitchell, the sixth man to walk on the Moon, on his way back to Earth when he had the profound experience of feeling interconnected to everything he watched from the window. of his space capsule: the stars, the moon, our blue planet and the immensity of the cosmos. The Institute conducts research on topics such as spontaneous remission, meditation, mindfulness, alternative healing practices, mindfulness-based health, spirituality, human potential, psychic abilities, psychokinesis, and survival of the consciousness after bodily death.